Review: A Thousand Ships

You guessed it: another Women’s Prize longlist review. Natalie Haynes’s A Thousand Ships is the last book that I finished reading, so this is me caught up on reviews! And I did mostly like this one!

athousandshipsIn the novel, Greek muse Calliope brings the voices of women together to retell the story of the Trojan War from exclusively female perspectives. This includes everything from the origins of the war (the gods’ decisions to meddle with the order of things on earth, a squabble over a golden apple, and Helen leaving her husband to sail to Troy), to the aftermath (the fates of the conquered Trojans, husband warriors returning to their wives in Greece, and much-awaited vengeance), as well as everything in between.

“When the war was ended, the men lost their lives. But the women lost everything else. And victory had made the Greeks no kinder.”

The book is divided into 40-some chapters, each told from the perspective of a different woman connected to the Trojan War in some way. These vignettes are not presented in chronological order, but rather flow between related characters, plot points, or themes. I actually found this quite effective; it’s easy enough to keep track of the overall timeline at least in broad strokes- before, during, and after the war, and this structuring method also keeps the focus on the characters rather than the already-familiar plot. Most of the characters are given only one chapter each, just enough space to explain their roles. The language is also reminiscent of what can be found in the epic poetry already associated with these myths- it reads a bit like a translation from original Greek, which lends a sense of atmosphere and history.

Though I did enjoy the read from start to finish, I had a few specific hang-ups. The largest is that while A Thousand Ships aims to be a Trojan War story focused on women, I did ultimately find it to be the same male-focused tale, simply told from different mouths. In the book’s list of key characters, nearly as many men feature as do women. Though the women’s deaths and sufferings are highlighted, most of their tales still revolve around the famous men. These women tell of their husbands, their sons, their owners (in the case that they’ve been captured as slaves), etc. It would of course be unrealistic to expect that none of these women’s stories would include men at all, but I did wish the women would have been given a bit more space to stand firm on their own.

The clearest example of the male focus can be seen in Penelope, who recounts all of Odysseus’s trials on his ten year journey home (through letters addressed to him, nonetheless!); her exasperation and annoyance with him for leaving her alone so long is the only sense in which her own voice shines through what is essentially her husband’s story, though she is given more chapters than any other character.

“Who but you [Odysseus] would assume that the gods had nothing better to do than assist you with whatever impossible scheme you had embroiled yourself in? And who but you would be right?”

There’s also Helen, who is uniformly hated by the rest of the book’s women, which perhaps isn’t out of the question given her role in their suffering, but should have been explored more fully so as not to come across as victim- or slut-shaming. I actually thought her dialogue in response to the accusations against her was very interesting and went some way toward pointing out the complexities of her character and situation, but it is sparse and more coverage was needed. Helen is not given a perspective chapter.

In the end I think Haynes’s biggest mistake was not using these women’s perspectives to add anything new to the Trojan War narrative. I think a little creative license with events and motives (perhaps even to pad the story if not to change canon material) might have saved the book from continuing to place men at the center of this tale. As it is, A Thousand Ships may be a fair alternative to reading Homer, but anyone with working knowledge of Greek mythology is unlikely to find anything truly revelatory in these pages. It’s a wonderfully woven recap that relative newcomers to Greek mythology (and veterans who just never tire of hearing the same tales over and over) may appreciate, but as someone who’s read The Iliad, The Odyssey, The Silence of the Girls, Circe, and The Song of Achilles all in the last two or three years, I found Haynes’s take a readable and adept account that brings absolutely nothing novel to an old story. Calliope (the muse) certainly tries to steer this narrative in a new direction, but being spoon fed the book’s feminist intents through a clear author mouthpiece does not have the same effect that more powerful female narratives would have provided.

“She isn’t a footnote, she’s a person. And she- all the Trojan women- should be memorialized as much as any other person. Their Greek counterparts too. War is not a sport, to be decided in a quick bout on a strip of contested land. It is a web which stretches out to the furthest parts of the world, drawing everyone into itself.”

Where A Thousand Ships shines, in my opinion is it’s ability to demonstrate the far reaches of a devastating event such as war. Haynes is able to convey that the effects of a conflict like this spread far wider than the number of dead and injured, altering entire communities, including the victors. She acknowledges on the page some of the female horrors of ancient Greece that Homer doesn’t- the way women are appropriated as slaves and even as wives, against their will, the psychological affects of seeing their families and community members killed, their almost complete lack of agency. It is also a story that reminds the reader that there is more to every story than the winner’s tale of triumph.

“In any war, the victors may be destroyed as completely as the vanquished. They still have their lives, but they have given up everything else in order to keep them. They sacrifice what they do not realize they have until they have lost it. And so the man who can win the war can only rarely survive the peace.”

For the right reader this will be a fantastic experience. It’s not a story that requires prior knowledge, though part of the pleasure for me was recognizing familiar faces. If this book had been published before Miller’s and Barker’s recent retellings, if I had read it when I was first learning Greek mythology, I could have loved this book. It’s a perfectly fine narrative that could have stood a few changes but ultimately does nothing wrong. I just came to it at the wrong time in my reading life, and I suspect that most who’ve read the two Greek retellings on last year’s Women’s Prize longlist will end up feeling the same.

My reaction: 3 out of 5 stars.  I have absolutely nothing against Haynes or this book, but hope not to see it shortlisted. I’m not in a hurry to search out more of this author’s work, but I wouldn’t consider it out of the question based on this experience.


The Literary Elephant

24 thoughts on “Review: A Thousand Ships”

    1. Thanks! It really is a shame this one had to follow up both Miller and Barker from last year’s list. With better timing it could have been a different experience!

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  1. Interesting point about it not adding anything new to the Trojan War narrative, aside from it being a feminist alternative reading to Homer… maybe the author was too reverent of canon to take more creative risks? Still I’m glad you didn’t hate it because I’m now more at ease about reading this. Great review 🙂

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    1. I definitely had the impression that Haynes didn’t want to mess with the canon! Which was such a shame, it seemed like if she had pushed those boundaries a bit farther this book could have really stood out. But I did find it enjoyable enough for what it is, and liked most of the chapters and perspectives. I hope you’ll enjoy the read!

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  2. Great review! I keep thinking of this novel as a “re-imagination” of the Trojan War from the perspective of women, but based on your review “re-telling” might be a better word. This definitely helps me adjust my expectations! Also — wow I am impressed by your reading and reviewing pace!

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    1. Thanks so much! I don’t always get my reviews up immediately after I finish reading so it probably seems like I’m reading faster than I really am, but the shortlist announcement coming up is definitely bringing out the completionist in me! 🙂
      I would certainly call this book a re-telling rather than a re-imagining. It shifts the perspective of the story but does still ultimately follow the same familiar Trojan War plot. Luckily that’s always an interesting tale!

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  3. I think I mentioned to you recently that I read the final book in the Anne of Green Gables series, which is about Anne’s daughter Rilla and is set during WWI. I typically avoid any war stories because I’m so tired of reading the same experiences repeatedly, and to be honest, many of the experiences seem like war >> cheat on girlfriend back home >> return home >> die of STD. However, in Rilla’s story everything is completely focused on women, their supporting efforts, how they feel with little to no news, and what daily life consists of. I mean, what WAS Penelope doing for ten years while her husband was gone? Shooing off suitors, sure, but what else?

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    1. That was exactly the source of my frustration with this book! To shift the perspective to the women and then use them to tell what the men have been up to instead of expanding on what’s happening beyond them was really a missed opportunity. Honestly, even though Penelope probably had the most chapters in this book, I can’t tell you anything more about what she did in those twenty years without her husband than The Odyssey covers. It seems Haynes was a little afraid to go beyond the canon material, even though that is probably what would have made this a stand out book. I’m so glad Montgomery didn’t make the same mistake with Rilla’s story! That sounds like exactly the sort of content I would’ve wanted from this book, though it never quite delivered.

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  4. How disappointing – this is maybe the book I was most interested in on the longlist. I liked The Silence of the Girls so much I’m not sure any others can live up to it! (Were you able to find this in North America? As far as I can tell it’s not yet available in Canada.)

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    1. I was sad not to have better luck with this one, I was craving a good Greek myth retelling! I do think this one disappoints after The Silence of the Girls, unfortunately.

      No, I ordered a UK edition from Book Depository when it seemed like I wouldn’t be able to read it in time otherwise. I hope it’ll be published here eventually (I would have loved reading this in my first Greek myth class, I’d like to see it get to that setting) but I don’t see it on its way yet.

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